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江苏省栟茶高级中学高三年级第一次调研测试

作者: 来源: 发布时间:2013年06月30日 点击数:

英语 试 卷

 (本试卷满分120分;考试时间 120 分钟)

I(共三部分,共80)

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A. In a shop.                         B. In a restaurant.                 C. In a library.

2. When did the woman last see Mary?

A. Last Monday.                    B. Last Sunday.                    C. This Monday.

3. What’s the weather like at present?

A. Fine.                                B. Windy.                            C. Rainy.

4. What can we learn about Bob?

A. He will be abroad for half a year.

B. He is going to study in Britain.

C. He has been studying in Britain.

5. What’s the most probable relationship between the two speakers?

A. Teacher and student.           B. Next-door neighbors.        C. Husband and wife.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6. Where most probably are the speakers?

A. At a post office.                 B. At a restaurant.                C. At a café.

7. Which form should the man fill out?

A. Form A.                           B. Form B.                          C. Form C.

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8. Who dropped the mirror?

A. The boy’s mother.                     B. The boy.                          C. The boy’s grandma.

9. For how long would a body repair itself in some people’s eyes?

A. A week.                                   B. Seven years.                    C. Seven months.

听第8段材料,回答第1012题。

10. Why did the woman go to France?

A. To see friends.                   B. To travel.                        C. To study.

11. How long did the woman stay in France?

A. About three years.              B. About three months.         C. About three weeks.

12. Why didn’t the woman visit many places in France?

A. She was too busy.              B. She didn’t like traveling.  C. She didn’t have enough money.

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13. Who stayed in bed for two days?

A. Cathy.                       B. Peter.                              C. Ann.

14. Why have so many people caught a cold?

A. Because of the cold winter.

B. Because of the strong wind.      

C. Because of the changeable weather.

15. How did the woman get her sweater?

A. She made it herself.           B. She got it from her mother.             C. She bought it in a shop.

16. What does the man think of the woman’s sweater?

A. It costs too much.                     B. It fits her perfectly.                 C. It is out of date.

听第10段材料,回答第1720题。

17. What did the speaker think of TV in the past?

A. It helped people learn about the world.

B. It made people interested in sports.

C. It wasted too much of people’s time.

18. What does the speaker do at present?

A. He watches TV and reads books.

B. He studies an Open University TV course.

C. He watches all the programs on TV.

19. What may happen to the speaker when he reaches 65?

A. He’ll have to say goodbye to TV again.

B. He’ll graduate from an open university.

C. He won’t be able to go out in the evenings.

20. What troubles the speaker when he is watching TV?

A. Being sometimes interrupted.

B. His poor hearing and eyesight.

C. Too many advertisements.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)

第一节 单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. The boy went in ______ when he left for school that he left his key inside the house.

A. a rush so anxious                             B. a such anxious rush  

C so an anxious rush                             D. such an anxious rush

22. There are often cases ______ people are embarrassed by forgetting names which they actually know well.

A. why                   B. which               C. as                     D. where

23. I warned him of the slippery road, but he fell on fours ______ I finished my words.

A. as                       B. before               C. until                 D. since

24. ______ is known to us all that the old scientist, for ______ life was hard in the past, still works hard in his eighties.

A. It, whom            B. As, whom          C. As, whose          D. It, whose

25. Poor as she was, she was eager for attention. Thus she had to think of borrowing some jewels to ______ at the party.

A. show up              B. show out           C. show in             D. show off

26. All kinds of promotion activities were launched, ______ the National Day Holiday market.

A. targeting to        B. is targeting at     C. targeted at         D. is targeted

27. ---This composition isn’t too bad, is it?

---______ it seems too good to have been written by a boy his age.

A. No, because        B. Yes, though              C. No, but             D. Yes, yet

28. He bought a set of sportswear from Australia ______ it was the best season for surfing.

A. where                 B. when                C. what                 D. that

29. Finally, Ben gave up his big apple to Tom ______ a chance to paint the wall.

A. in exchange for   B. with regard to    C. by means of       D. in place of

30. In the last minute, they kept the ball, passing it from one to another, rather than ______ the game by shooting the basket.

A. risk to lose          B. risk losing         C. to risk losing     D. to risk to lose

31. The English students couldn’t ______ his lecture at all, which was actually in native English.

A. get across            B. get across to      C. make sense of    D. make sense

32. The Jews can never forget the Second World War and the effect it has had ______ the development of their race and culture.

A. in                       B. on                    C. with                  D. to

33. Do remember that there is always a chance of the weak ______ the strong.

A. beating              B. beat                  C. to beat                     D. being beaten

34. How excited he was to see all the work he had spared no efforts to do ______ in the first round.

A. recognizing         B. to be recognized        C. being recognized       D. recognized

35. He stayed up late into the night, ______ a speech to be made in front of his teachers.

A. preparing            B. preparing for            C. prepared                   D. prepared for

第二节 完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

One night, I was driving down a two-lane highway, not very fast. Another car approached from the  36  direction at about my speed. As we passed each other, I caught the other driver’s eye for only a second, wondering whether he might be thinking, as I was, how  37  we were on each other at that moment. I was relying on him not to fall asleep, not to be put off by a phone conversation, not to cross over into my lane and bring  38  to a sudden end. Though we had  39  spoken a word to each other, he relied on me in just the same way.

That is the way  40  works. We all depend upon  41 , sometimes required simply not to do something like crossing over the double yellow line, and sometimes required to act  42 , with friends or even with strangers.

As technology  43  our world, the need for international cooperation increases. In 2003, doctors in five nations were quickly organized to identify the SARS virus, which  44  thousands of lives. The threat of international terrorism has shown itself to be a  45  problem, requiring coordinated police action and intelligence forces across the world. We must recognize that our fates are not ours  46  to control.

In my own life, I’ve put great belief in personal responsibility.  47 , as the years have passed, I’ve also come to believe that there are moments when one must rely upon the good faith and judgment of  48 . So, while each of us faces the case of driving alone down a  49  road, what we must learn is that the approaching light may not be a threat, but a shared moment of  50 .

36. A. wrong           B. correct                 C. same                D. opposite

37. A. trustworthy      B. dependent           C. conscious              D. curious

38. A. his conversation B. my phone call             C. my life                   D. his life

39. A. exactly               B. hardly               C. never                 D. ever

40. A. the car             B. the traffic         C. our friendship        D. the world

41. A. one another      B. the whole society     C. communication               D. traffic rules

42. A. independently      B. respectively                  C. individually           D. cooperatively

43. A. develops          B. enlarges               C. shrinks                D. improves

44. A. killed                    B. threatened            C. destroyed              D. saved

45. A. similar                   B. different             C. serious                D. widespread

46. A. alike             B. alone                C. alive                D. along

47. A. Therefore         B. Though                C. But                  D. Thus

48. A. friends             B. authorities             C. oneself                    D. others        

49. A. dark                     B. two-lane            C. double-yellow-line    D. narrow

50. A. dependence       B. trust                        C. safety                 D. encouragement

第三部分 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Some children are natural-born bosses. They have a strong need to make decisions, manage their environment, and lead rather than follow. Stephen Jackson, a Year One student, “operates under the theory of what’s mine and what’s yours is mine,” says his mother. “The other day I bought two new Star Wars light sabers(). Later, I saw Stephen with the two new ones while his brother was using the beat-up ones.”

“Examine the extended family, and you’ll probably find a bossy grandparent, aunt, uncle or cousin in every generation. It’s an inheritable trait,” says Russell Barkley, a professor at the Medical University of South Carolina. Other children who may not be particularly bossy can gradually gain dominance(支配地位) when they sense their parents are weak, hesitant, or in disagreement with each other.

Whether it’s inborn nature or developed character at work, too much control in the hands of the young isn’t healthy for children or the family. Fear is at the root of a lot bossy behavior, says family psychologist John Taylor. Children, he says in his book From Defiance to Cooperation, “have secret feelings of weakness” and “a desire to feel safe.” It’s the parents’ role to provide that protection.

When a “boss child” doesn’t learn limits at home, the stage is set for a host of troubles outside the family. The overly willful and unbending child may have trouble obeying teachers or coachers, for example, or trouble keeping friends. It can be pretty lonely as the top dog if no one likes your bossy ways.

“I see more and more parents giving up their power,” says Barkley, who has studied bossy behavior for more than 30 years. They bend too far because they don’t want to be as strict as their own parents were. But they also feel less confident about their parenting skills. Their kids, in turn, feel more anxious.

51. Bossy children like Stephen Jackson ______.

A. make good decisions                               B. show self-centeredness

C. lack care from others                               D. have little sense of fear

52. The underlined phrase “inheritable trait” in paragraph 2 means ______.

A. inborn nature      B. developed character   C. accepted theory  D. particular environment

53. The study on bossy behavior implies that parents ______.

A. should give more power to their children        B. should be strict with their children

C. should not be so anxious about their children    D. should not set limits for their children

54. What is the passage mainly about?

A. How bossy behavior can be controlled.     B. How we can get along with bossy children.

C. What leads to children’s bossy behavior.    D. What effect bossy behavior brings about.

B

Healthy knees aren’t the main consideration in choosing high heels, but new research says chunky heels are just as bad for the knees as spindly stilettos (细高跟鞋). “It takes a long time to feel the effects of knee osteoarthritis (骨关节炎) --- and once you do, it is too late,” said Dr. Casey Kerrigan, leading researcher of the study and associate professor at Harvard Medical School’s department of physical medicine. “I compare it to smoking --- one cigarette is not painful, but over a lifetime it is. Wide-heeled shoes feel comfortable, so women wear them all day long, “Kerrigan said. “They are better for your feet than stiletto heels, but just as bad for your knees.”

In the study, researchers had twenty women wear two pairs of shoes with three-inch heels, one with a narrow heel and the other with a thick one. The scientists compared how much pressure was put on the women’s knees by both types of shoes. The women also walked barefoot to test normal pressure. The scientists found that both types of shoes applied equal amounts of pressure to the knees. Compared with walking barefoot, the heels increased pressure on the inside of the knee by 26 percent. Increased pressure on the knee eventually leads to arthritis(关节炎), experts say.

The idea that high heels are bad for your health isn’t new --- scientists have warned women for years that they contribute to problems ranging from corns to hammer toes, tendonitis, knee pain, sprained (扭伤) ankles and back problems. But in 1998, Kerdgan and a team of Harvard researchers were the first to link high heels and knee osteoarthritis, a painful joint disease that destroys cartilage (软骨) surrounding the knee. The first study looked only at stiletto heels, and Kerrigan said she wanted to study the chunky high-heeled shoes she noticed many women wearing. “This study confirms what we all intuitively (直觉地) know that high-heeled shoes of any kind are not good for our health,” said Dr. Glenn Pfeifer, a San Francisco doctor and member of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons who was not connected to the study.

55. We learn from the passage that women choose chunky heels because _______.

A. they want to walk comfortably  

B. chunky heeled shoes are cheaper than stiletto heeled pairs

C. chunky heels do less harm to knees                 

D. chunky heels are not painful at all

56. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A. people got to know the high heels are bad for health recently

B. people have known the high heels are bad for health for years

C. people haven’t known the high heels are bad for health yet

D. people will be warned that the high heels are bad for health soon

57. The best title for the passage may be ________.

A. Taking Healthy Knees into Consideration      B. High-heels Do Harm to Knees

C. Chunky Heels and Stiletto Heels                    D. When Wearing High-heels

C

“Opinion” is a word that is used carelessly today. It is used to refer to matters of taste, belief, and judgment. This inaccurate use would probably cause little confusion if people didn’t attach too much importance to opinion. Unfortunately, most attach great importance to it. “I have as much right to my opinion as you to yours,’’ and ‘‘Everyone’s entitled to his opinion,’’ are common expressions. In fact, anyone who would challenge another’s opinion is likely to be branded intolerant.

Is that label accurate? Is it intolerant to challenge another’s opinion? It depends on what definition of opinion you have in mind. For example, you may ask a friend ‘‘What do you think of the new Ford cars?” And he may reply, “In my opinion, they’re ugly.” In this case, it would not only be intolerant to challenge his statement, but foolish. For it’s obvious that by opinion he means his personal preference, a matter of taste. And as the old saying goes, ‘‘It’s pointless to argue about matters of taste.

But consider this very different use of the term. A newspaper reports that the Supreme Court has delivered its opinion in a controversial(有争议的) case. Obviously the justices did not share their personal preferences, their mere likes and dislikes. They stated their considered judgment, painstakingly arrived at after thorough inquiry and deliberation(审议).

Most of what is referred to as opinion falls somewhere between these two extremes. It is not an expression of taste. Nor is it careful judgment. Yet it may contain elements of both. It is a view or belief more or less inaccurately arrived at, with or without examining the evidence.

Is everyone entitled to his opinion? Of course, this is not only permitted, but guaranteed. We are free to act on our opinions only so long as, in doing so, we do not harm others.

58. Which of the following statements is TRUE, according to the author?

A. Everyone has a right to hold his own opinion.   

B. Free expression of opinions always leads to confusion.

C. Most people tend to be careless in forming their opinions.

D. Casual use of the word “opinion” often brings about quarrels.

59. According to the author, who of the following would be labeled as intolerant?

A. Someone who turns a deaf ear to others’ opinions.         

B. Someone who can’t put up with others’ tastes.

C. Someone who values only their own opinions.        

D. Someone whose opinion harms other people.

60. The new Ford cars are cited as an example to show that ________.

A. it is foolish to criticize a famous brand          

B. one should not always agree to others’ opinions

C. personal tastes are not something to be challenged   

D. it is unwise to express one’s likes and dislikes , in public

61. Considered judgment is different from personal preference in that ________.

A. it is stated by judges in the court                            B. it reflects public like and dislikes

C. it is a result of a lot of controversy                  D. it is based on careful thought

D

A friend of mine, in response to a conversation we were having about the injustices of life, asked me the question, “Who said life was going to be fair, or that it was even meant to be fair?” Her question was a good one. It reminded me of something I was taught as a youngster: Life isn’t fair. It’s disappointing, but it’s absolutely true. One of the mistakes many of us make is that we feel sorry for ourselves, or for others, thinking that life should be fair, or that someday it will be. It’s not and it won’t.

One of the nice things about surrendering(屈从) to the fact that life isn’t fair is that it keeps us from feeling sorry for ourselves by encouraging us to do the very best we can with what we have. We know it’s not “life’s job” to make everything perfect, it’s our own challenge. Surrendering to this fact also keeps us from feeling sorry for others because we are reminded that everyone is dealt a different hand; everyone has unique strengths and problems in the process of growing up, facing the reality and making decisions; and everyone has those times that they feel victimized or unfairly treated.

The fact that life isn’t fair doesn’t mean we shouldn’t do everything in our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. To the contrary, it suggests that we should. When we don’t recognize or admit that life isn’t fair, we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves. Pity, of course, is a self-defeating emotion that does nothing for anyone, except to make everyone feel worse than they already do. When we do recognize that life isn’t fair, however, we feel compassion(热情) for others and for ourselves. And compassion is a heartfelt emotion that delivers loving-kindness to everyone it touches. The next time you find yourself thinking about the injustices of the world, try reminding yourself of this very basic fact. You may be surprised that it can persuade you out of self-pity and into helpful action.

62. The writer thought of his friend’s question as a good one because _______.

A. he also wanted to know who held such an opinion

B. it made him recall something during his childhood

C. like his friend, he also thought life was unfair

D. he learned something from the question as a youngster

63. Surrendering to the fact that life isn’t fair will ________.

A. keep us from making everything perfect    B. keep us from doing everything in our power

C. make us face unfair treatment bravely              D. make us know it’s our duty to perfect things

64. The second paragraph of the passage mainly tells us that ________.

A. it’s nice to accept the injustice of life        B. it’s nice to surrender to the life

C. we should not surrender to the life            D. we should not feel sorry for everything

65. In the last paragraph, “this very basic fact” refers to the fact that _______.

A. you should not pity for others                  B. life isn’t and won’t be fair

C. compassion is heartfelt emotion                D. pity is a self-defeating emotion

II卷(两大题,共40)

第四部分  课本基础知识(共两小节,满分10分)

第一节 单词拼写 (共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)

阅读下列句子,根据所给开首字母,写出符合句子意思的本学期所学单词,注意必要的形式变化。(非本学期所学单词不得分。)

1. As a c__________ student, he never knows what to write down in class, and of course he never cares about the results of any examinations.

2. We knew he wouldn’t be free to attend our party. N__________, we felt disappointed at his absence.

3. The a__________ needn’t have been called for at all. After all, only one person was slightly injured, in the hand.

4. They made a few a__________ to the plan as a result of the unexpected weather.

5. It’s obviously an unfair decision for them in the long term, but they s__________ to it for the sake of immediate interest.

6. Once your health is damaged, little can be done to c__________ for its loss.

7. He was first called to be questioned about the stolen necklace, as he was a prime s__________.

8. If you don’t like strong tea, you can w__________ it by adding more water to it.

9. But for his guidance, we couldn’t have finished our job s__________ in time.

10. Many of the students have prepared candles in case of p__________ failure.

第二节 完成句子(共10小题;每小题0.5分,满分5分)

根据汉语提示,完成下列句子。(每格1词,错任何1词均不得分)

1. 我们的生意正处在紧要关头。

Our business is __________ __________ __________.

2. 抓紧时间!我快没有耐心了。

Save time. My patience is beginning to __________ __________.

3. 还剩最后两圈的时候,有几个原来跑在后面的运动员赶上了约翰。

On the last two laps, several of the runners who __________ __________ at the beginning caught up with John.

4. 这种想法很简单,但很难付诸实施。

This is a simple idea, but one which is hard to __________ __________ __________.

5. 农村人口正迁往大城市,寻求工作的机会。

Countryside people are __________ __________ __________ to big cities for job opportunities.

6. 口头相传的广告是最有说服力的。

__________ __________ __________ advertising is the most persuasive.

7. 你想象不到改变他的主意有多难。

You can’t imagine the __________ you have __________ __________ his mind.

8. 他已经清楚地表示不想参与这件事。

He has __________ __________ __________ that he didn’t want to get involved in it.

9. 已经采取措施,防止事态恶化了。

__________ __________ __________ __________ to prevent things getting worse.

10. 她没有办法,只得找了个借口离开了。

She had no choice but to __________ __________ __________ __________ and left.

第六部分  任务型阅读10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

注意:每个空格只填1个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。

Some people believe that greed and selfishness has become the basis of modern society. We should return to the old traditions of family and community, and then we will have a better life. To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above opinion?

In this fast-paced world, many values are undergoing major changes. While people traditionally prioritize(区分优先次序) caring, sharing and generosity in life and work, modern people seem to be more self-absorbed and self-concerned.

Modern people act selfishly to survive the harsh competition of life. They say that it is a jungle out there. To survive, you have to fight with whatever means that come handy. Obviously greedy and selfishness go perfectly well with such ideas. In a company, employees do everything they can to get better pay and higher position, even at the cost of colleagues. We are in any way advocating any selfish conduct. It is just that people are pressured to act in a certain way due to outside influences.

In spite of common practice, it is hard to conclude that modern society is built on greed and selfishness, both of which are not newly invented vocabulary. In ancient times people also did greedy and selfish things though such behaviors were more condemned(谴责) then. But we cannot ignore the fact that people in the past lived a relatively more isolated life and faced less pressure compared with their modern twins.

Are we happier to share with others and be generous to them? There is no fixed answer either. Some people take great pleasure helping and giving to others while others feel happy doing the opposite. But I personally think that people should not be too selfish. Caring for others can actually encourage the development of a mutually beneficial relationship.

In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and to build a mutually beneficial relationship with others.

Title: Are Modern People Becoming More Selfish?

Main comparisons

Contexts

People’s senses of (1) _________ are changing.

In the past people put caring, sharing and generosity in the (2)_________ place.

Nowadays, people seem to be more (3)_________ about themselves.

(4)_________ are changing too.

People in the past appeared to be modest and self-effacing(谦让).

People may strive to achieve their own (5)_________, even at the price of their coworkers.

The author’s understanding

(6)_________ for the changes in author’s eyes

Fierce (7)_________ and great (8)_________ on modern people may be responsible for the changes.

The author’s (9)_________ towards topic

A relationship which can (10)_________ both sides should be established.

第七部分 书面表达(满分20分)

下图叙述了我和父亲散步时所发生的事。请根据下面6幅图,用英语写一篇题为An Accident的短文。

短文必须包括以下内容:

1. 图中讲述了一个什么故事?

2. 女孩的言行说明了什么问题?

3. 你对此事有什么感想?

注意:1. 对于图中所发生的事情可以适当发挥想象,增加有关细节,但必须合理;

2. 单词数:150左右,标题已经给出,不计入总词数。

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An Accident

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